China – India Conflict 2020 The Role of the Indian and Chinese Leadership

Indian and Chinese troops stand face-to-face in the coldest climatic conditions in the most difficult region of the Himalayan peaks. The One opponent China has an aggressive foreign policy while India does not have even little success against this aggressive policy.

Opposing India’s bid for membership in the UN Security Council, blocking measures against alleged militants in Pakistan, and helping China in development projects despite India’s protests in the disputed areas of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, Here are some examples of aggressive diplomacy by China.

India has historically remained silent on the issue of China’s deployment of troops to Tibet in 1950 to materialize its claim to the region. Despite this silence, India allowed large numbers of Tibetans to seek refuge in its territories, including its religious leader, the Dalai Lama. One of the main reasons for this discrepancy in New Delhi’s policy was the sharp difference in the military strength and economic growth of the two countries.

India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru accepted China’s claim in 1950 on the advice of the British government. The British government said it would be difficult to recognize Tibet’s independence.

 Due to the military imbalance, Nehru accepted China’s claim to ensure India’s security and safety and to establish friendly relations with China.

In the years and decades to come, India continued its policy of forging closer ties with China, and any government that came to India limited its ties with the Tibetan leadership.

In order not to upset China on this sensitive issue, the Narendra Modi government in 2018 directed top politicians and top government officials not to take part in any event or activity related to Tibet.

At the same time, the Tibetan government-in-exile moved Dharamshala, the capital of the northern state of Himachal Pradesh, from New Delhi to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Dalai Lama’s deportation. Leaders of India’s two largest parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Congress, refused to accept invitations to the event.

In 1949, Mao Zedong founded the People’s Republic of China. On April 1, 1950, India recognized it as a state and established political relations with it. India became the first non-communist country to recognize China in this way. In 1954, India also accepted China’s supremacy over Tibet. That is, India accepted that Tibet is part of China. ‘Hindi Chinese brother! Slogans also sounded.

Between June 1954 and January 1957, Zhou Enlai, the first Prime Minister of China, visited India four times. In October 1954, the Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru also visited China.

Commenting on Nehru’s visit to China, the New York Times reported that “this is the first visit of a prime minister of a non-communist country to the People’s Republic of China.” About ten kilometers in the middle, the Chinese people greeted Nehru with applause.

During the visit, Nehru met with the Prime Minister of China as well as the head of the People’s Republic of China, Mao.

On the other hand, the situation in Tibet deteriorated and Chinese aggression increased there. In 1950, China invaded and occupied Tibet. The Chinese invasion of Tibet changed the politics of the whole region.

Before the Chinese invasion, Tibet was closer to India than China. But after the attack, it did not remain an independent country.

In his book China India War, Swedish journalist Bertel Linter writes, “Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the then Home Minister of the Nehru-led government, was one of the few leaders who saw the importance of change in Tibet.” There was a feeling. Patel had written a letter to Nehru about this in November 1950, a month before his death in December 1950.

Idealist Nehru

“After the annexation of Tibet to China, it has reached our doorstep,” Patel wrote in his letter. It is important to understand its effects. Throughout history, we have rarely been bothered by northeastern borders. The Himalayas in the north stand as our shield against all dangers. Tibet was our neighbor and it never bothered us. The first Chinese were divided. They had their own internal problems and they never bothered us, but now things have changed

In the same book, Bertel Lantner writes, “The fundamentalist Nehru failed to understand the new communist China.” He felt that friendship was the only way between the two countries. Nehru believed that both India and China had stood on their own two feet with a victory over oppression and that the two countries should work together with the newly independent countries in Asia and Africa.

China had also started invading Indian territories since the mid-1950s. In 1957, China built a 179-kilometer road west of Aksai Chin.

The first clash between the two countries’ troops on the border took place on August 25, 1959. A Chinese patrol unit attacked the NEFA Frontier in Lanzhou. On October 21 of the same year, shelling took place in the Kongka area of ​​Ladakh. Seventeen Indian soldiers were killed and China called it a defensive operation.

India had then said that “its troops were suddenly attacked.”

In November 1938, at a meeting of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, or CCP, Mao stated that “power comes from the barrel of a gun.”

It then became the main slogan of the Chinese communist revolution. This slogan was very different from Karl Marx’s slogan, “Workers of the world, unite.”

Prime Minister Modi did not learn from the mistakes made by Nehru in 1962 and earlier.

“The Modi government had intelligence that China was doing and was going to do a lot in Ladakh, but it went hand in hand. This question is more important than the fact that Chinese troops entered Indian territory? As soon as Modi became the Prime Minister, he portrayed China as his biggest and most trusted friend. Modi has met Chinese President Xi Jinping 18 times since becoming prime minister. What do these meetings mean? “

On June 2, 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in a panel discussion at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum in Russia that “despite the border dispute between China and India, not a single shot has been fired between the two countries in the last 40 years.” China welcomed Modi’s statement. That was three years ago and now they can’t say it again

India’s leaders reflect a lack of vision or thinking. Prime Minister Modi should know that China, like India, is not working for five years with elections in mind. He works on a plan and strategy for the next fifty years and brings it to fruition. Modi says that China is not India’s border, on the other hand, meeting after meeting is going on. The government needs to be free from its own contradictions first.

Conclusion

India is facing difficulties on three fronts simultaneously. The epidemic of covid 19 is uncontrollable, with around one lakh cases coming to light every day, China’s aggressive attitude on the border, and a record decline in India’s economy.

 

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