Baptist minister and political activist Jesse Louis Jackson was born in Mississippi on October 18, 1932. He was a successful candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and again in 1988. From 1991 to 1997, he served as the shadow U.S. Senator for the District of Columbia. He is now a prominent civil rights activist. He is the son of a black Baptist minister and grew up in the poorest part of the United States.
In the 1980s, Jesse Jackson founded the National Rainbow Coalition and won the Michigan primary but lost to Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. In 1989, he moved to Washington, D.C., and became active in the fight for civil rights. In 1991, he helped secure the release of Kuwaiti hostages. In 1992, he decided not to run for President, but returned to his hometown of Greenville, South Carolina, to become involved in the community.