China and India two important countries of the world are at the edge of the war. Hopefully, things will be cool down between both nations, and there will be no war between India and China at least in 2020. Although both of these two countries are in conflict with each other. Other than that these two countries are in conflict with their different neighbors also. This article covers the multiple aspects of the current developing situation between India and China.
China border disputes with neighbors
China has had territorial disputes with its neighbors, but with the exception of a few, it has reached conciliatory agreements. China has resolved 17 of its 23 disputes at a loss, while six disputes have not been softened at all and have adopted a delaying strategy.
China negotiated with Burma in 1956-1957 to resolve a disputed region. As a result of the settlement agreement, China gained 18% (1909 sq km) of the disputed territory, while Burma received a major highway, a salt mine, and the right to demarcate its own border in the north of the country.
When settling its territorial dispute with Nepal in 1960, China was content with only six percent of the disputed land and half of Mount Everest.
Even in the days when China was very friendly with India, China had settled the territorial dispute in 1960, according to which India withdrew from the disputed territory in favor of China.
China receives 26% of the disputed land. However, this dispute has not yet been fully resolved.
China signed an agreement with North Korea in 1962 to settle the territorial dispute and then signed a bilateral protocol in 1964.
An agreement was reached in 1962 to settle a territorial dispute between China’s northern neighbor Mongolia and a protocol was signed in 1964, giving China 9% of the disputed territory, or 16,808 square kilometers. Kilometers are formed.
China and Pakistan settled a territorial dispute north of Siachen through a 1963 agreement and a 1964 border protocol.
According to him, China got 60% of the disputed territory. However, in addition to the disputed area, China also handed over 1942 square kilometers of land to Pakistan.
In 1963, China relinquished 7,381 square kilometers through a border agreement with Afghanistan. The agreement was entirely in Afghanistan’s favor, with China receiving none of the disputed territories.
China and Russia reached a consensus in 1964 to settle a dispute over China’s eastern border.
They divided a disputed island equally under the “Thalwag principle”. Subsequent negotiations between 1969-1978 and 1987-1991 resulted in China receiving 52% of the disputed river islands, while the rest of the disputed territory was evenly divided. Thus, China got an area of 1000 square kilometers.
However, the dispute remains unresolved.
There was a minor dispute between them that was settled amicably.
The two countries began a series of negotiations in 1977 to settle a regional dispute between China and Vietnam. They settled after long in 1982-1989. Some disputed islands with Vietnam have not yet been settled.
The territorial dispute between the two countries was settled through negotiations between 1982 and 1998, with China receiving 22% of the disputed area.
Through long negotiations between 1992 and 2002, China acquired 3,656 square kilometers of land or 32 percent of the disputed area.
After the settlement of the dispute, China received 28,430 square kilometers, which is 4% of the disputed area.