China and India two important countries of the world are at the edge of the war. Hopefully, things will be cool down between both nations, and there will be no war between India and China at least in 2020. Although both of these two countries are conflict with each other. Other than that these two countries are in conflict with their different neighbors also. This article covers the multiple aspects of the current developing situation between India and China.
India vs china war 2020
Below is the comparison of the military powers of India and China
China’s superiority in ground-to-ground missiles will greatly help it gain air supremacy, making it possible to destroy Indian airfields in the war zone.
China, with numerical superiority in aviation, also has much more modern aircraft. Su-35, J-10, J-20, and the deepest modernization of the Su-27 family – J-16 will go into battle against the Indian Su-30MKI, Rafale, and MiG-29. This means that China will unconditionally seize air supremacy.
China border disputes with neighbors
China has had territorial disputes with its neighbors, but with the exception of a few, it has reached conciliatory agreements. China has resolved 17 of its 23 disputes at a loss, while six disputes have not been softened at all and have adopted a delaying strategy.
China negotiated with Burma in 1956-1957 to resolve a disputed region. As a result of the settlement agreement, China gained 18% (1909 sq km) of the disputed territory, while Burma received a major highway, a salt mine, and the right to demarcate its own border in the north of the country.
When settling its territorial dispute with Nepal in 1960, China was content with only six percent of the disputed land and half of Mount Everest.
Even in the days when China was very friendly with India, China had settled the territorial dispute in 1960, according to which India withdrew from the disputed territory in favor of China.
China receives 26% of the disputed land. However, this dispute has not yet been fully resolved.
China signed an agreement with North Korea in 1962 to settle the territorial dispute and then signed a bilateral protocol in 1964.
An agreement was reached in 1962 to settle a territorial dispute between China’s northern neighbor Mongolia and a protocol was signed in 1964, giving China 9% of the disputed territory, or 16,808 square kilometers. Kilometers are formed.
China and Pakistan settled a territorial dispute north of Siachen through a 1963 agreement and a 1964 border protocol.
According to him, China got 60% of the disputed territory. However, in addition to the disputed area, China also handed over 1942 square kilometers of land to Pakistan.
In 1963, China relinquished 7,381 square kilometers through a border agreement with Afghanistan. The agreement was entirely in Afghanistan’s favor, with China receiving none of the disputed territories.
China and Russia reached a consensus in 1964 to settle a dispute over China’s eastern border.
They divided a disputed island equally under the “Thalwag principle”. Subsequent negotiations between 1969-1978 and 1987-1991 resulted in China receiving 52% of the disputed river islands, while the rest of the disputed territory was evenly divided. Thus, China got an area of 1000 square kilometers.
However, the dispute remains unresolved.
There was a minor dispute between them that was settled amicably.
The two countries began a series of negotiations in 1977 to settle a regional dispute between China and Vietnam. They settled after long in 1982-1989. Some disputed islands with Vietnam have not yet been settled.
The territorial dispute between the two countries was settled through negotiations between 1982 and 1998, with China receiving 22% of the disputed area.
Through long negotiations between 1992 and 2002, China acquired 3,656 square kilometers of land or 32 percent of the disputed area.
After the settlement of the dispute, China received 28,430 square kilometers, which is 4% of the disputed area.
Disputes that China has not compromised
China has not entered into any agreements with Portugal or the United Kingdom on previous agreements on Macau and Hong Kong.
Initially, Britain sought to reach an agreement to extend Hong Kong’s British rule, but China refused to compromise. Eventually, Britain, like Portugal, had to hand over Hong Kong to China.
At one time, China was ready to enter into conciliatory agreements with India, such as Nepal and Bhutan, to settle its border and regional disputes, in which it was willing to recognize the McMahon Line as India wished. Aksai Chin wanted his rule.
However, the Chinese saw India’s behavior as a conspiracy against China, and thus the two-and-a-half-year agreement between India and China died on the spot.
Currently, the tension is high between the two nuclear powers. Many common friends like Russia are trying to sort out the things. As far as different analysts view the situation.
A clear shift in the foreign and defense policy of China has been observed. During this conflict. The way of peaceful assertiveness has been changed. China has now moved on to the policy of aggressive assertiveness. The power full states like China when they changed their policy more likely this shift or change is on permanent grounds.
Will China move into the all-out conflict or not. This will be a new turn in the China India cold war situation. Very few changes, but still the chances are there that this conflict will change into a hot war.
Sometime during the cold war, the situations may develop like that as the hot conflict is about to begin. Normally the things become sorted out. Right now China and India are fighting against each other in the worst form of the cold war.